Uganda

Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa. When Arab traders traveled to the interior of Uganda in the 1830s, they found several African kingdoms with well-developed political institutions dating back several centuries. These traders were followed in the 1860s by British explorers searching for the source of the Nile River. Britain quickly became dominant force in eastern Africa, and Uganda became a British protectorate in 1894. Granted internal self-government by Britain in 1961, Uganda became independent in 1962.

Endowed with fertile soils and regular rainfall, agriculture is the most important sector of Uganda’s economy, contributing to nearly all of the country’s foreign exchange earnings. But Uganda is vulnerable to changes in the world price of coffee, its main export earner.

Uganda is one of the most beautiful places in Africa. From the famous mountain gorillas to the Source of the River Nile, there is a lot to see in Uganda.

Location

Uganda, officially the Republic of Uganda, is a landlocked country in East Africa. Uganda is bordered on the east by Kenya, on the north by South Sudan, on the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, on the southwest by Rwanda, and on the south by Tanzania. The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, shared with Kenya and Tanzania.

Uganda takes its name from the Buganda Kingdom, which encompasses a large portion of the south of the country including the capital Kampala.

Getting There

Uganda has become a very accessible destination which can be reached by air or land.

Airlines

Several airlines fly to Uganda, including Air Uganda, British Airways, Brussels Airlines, Egypt Air, Emirates, Ethiopian Airways, Kenya Airways, KLM, Precision Air, Qatar Airways, Rwandair, South African Airways and Turkish Airlines. International flights generally arrive into the modern Entebbe International Airport (EBB) located one hour from the capital of Kampala.

Need help finding flights? Contact one of our Tour Operators in Uganda or one of our International Tour Operators to get assistance with your flights and travel packages.

By Road

There are safe, easy but lengthy bus routes into Kampala from Kenya (Nairobi), Tanzania (Bukoba, Dar es Salaam), Rwanda (Kigali) and Burundi (Bujumbura). The borders with South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are more risky – be sure to research the current travel situation as well as visa requirements before attempting travel to or from these countries.


Uganda Country Information

Capital and largest city: Kampala

Official languages

English (35th)
– 2002 census 24,227,297
– Density 137.1/km2 (80th)
355.2/sq mi

GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
– Total $46.368 billion
– Per capita $1,317

GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
– Total $16.810 billion
– Per capita $477
Gini (1998) 43 (medium)
HDI (2011) Increase 0.446 (low / 161st)

Currency Ugandan shilling (UGX)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
– Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Drives on the left
Calling code +256a
ISO 3166 code UG
Internet TLD .ug

Tour Offers

MURCHISON FALLS & THE MIGHTY NILE

Experience the river Nile at its best! Visit the most beautiful park of the country and marvel at the impressive Falls. More adventure is awaiting you with an exciting rafting trip!

Other Details and Information about Uganda Africa