Sudan

Sudan Africa Travel Tips – Sudan travel guide, Sudan attractions, Sudan destinations, Sudan travel tips, Sudan tourism and more.

Other details and information about Sudan Africa

Sudan, officially the Republic of the Sudan and sometimes called North Sudan, is an Arab state in North Africa bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. Internally, the Nile divides the country into eastern and western halves. The population of Sudan is a combination of indigenous inhabitants of the Nile Valley and descendants of migrants from the Arabian Peninsula. Arabisation has made Arab culture the norm and the overwhelming majority of the population today adheres to Islam. As a consequence, Sudan is also often considered to be part of the Middle East.


Sudan Flag

Sudan Country Information

Capital Khartoum
15°38′N 032°32′E
Largest city Omdurman
– Unified with Egypt 1821
– Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1899
– Independence (from the United Kingdom and Egypt) 1 January 1956
– Current constitution 9 January 2005
Area
– Total 1,886,068 km2 (16th)
728,215 sq mi
Population
– 2008 census 30,894,000 (disputed) (40th)
– Density 16.4/km2
42.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
– Total $89.048 billion (low / 169th)
Currency Sudanese pound (SDG)
Time zone East Africa Time (UTC+3)
– Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code +249
ISO 3166 code SD
Internet TLD .sd

Sudan Vacation Trips

Trip Holidays Sudan offers travel tips and information for top travel places and best destinations. We feature links, resources and large selection of budget airlines, chartered planes, sea cruises, ferries, travel agencies, land transports and attractions including beaches, medical tourism, retirement homes, historical and pilgrimage tours.


Sudan officially the Republic of the Sudan is a country in northeastern Africa. It is the largest country in Africa and in the Arab World, and tenth largest in the world by area. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, Kenya and Uganda to the southeast, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. The world’s longest river, the Nile, divides the country between east and west sides.

Sudan is home to one of the world’s oldest continuous major civilizations, with historical and urban settlements dating back to 3000 BC. The people of Sudan have a long history extending from antiquity, which is intertwined with the history of Egypt, with which it was united politically over several periods. After gaining independence from the United Kingdom in 1956, Sudan suffered a civil war, lasting 17 years, subsequently followed by ethnic, religious, and economic conflicts between the Northern Sudanese, and the Christian and animist Nilotes of Southern Sudan. Thus this led to a second civil war in 1983, and due to continuing political and military struggles, Sudan was seized in a bloodless coup d’état by colonel Omar al-Bashir in 1989, who thereafter proclaimed himself President of Sudan.

Sudan then achieved great economic growth by implementing macroeconomic reforms and finally ended the civil war by adopting a new constitution in 2005 with rebel groups in the south, granting them limited autonomy to be followed by a referendum about independence in 2011. Rich of natural resources such as petroleum and crude oil, Sudan’s economy is currently amongst the fastest growing economies in the world. The People’s Republic of China and Russia are the largest trading partners of Sudan.

However, after an Islamic legal code was introduced on a national level, the ruling National Congress established themselves as the sole political party in the state and has since supported the usage of recruited Arab militias in guerrilla warfare, such as in the ongoing conflict in Darfur. Because of thousands of people being displaced and killed, the need for humanitarian care in Darfur has attracted worldwide attention, and the conflict has been described as a genocide. Officially a federal presidential representative democratic republic, the politics of Sudan are widely considered by the international community to take place within an authoritarian dictatorship due to the influence of the NCP. These factors have led to the termination of diplomatic relations between Sudan and Chad, obstructed humanitarian assistance to the civilian population and has even led to war crimes charges being issued against members of the Sudanese government. On 4 March 2008, the International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant for President Omar al-Bashir on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity, the first sitting head of state ever indicted by the ICC. This has been followed by severe sanctions being put on the country due to alleged ties with Egyptian Islamic Jihad and al-Qaeda. As a result, Sudan has scored low in human development for 2009, having been ranked number 150 between Haiti and Tanzania. Statistics indicate that about 17% of the population live on less than US $1.25 per day.

A member of the United Nations, Sudan also maintains membership with the AU, LAS, OIC and NAM, as well as serving as an observer in WTO. Its capital is Khartoum, which serves as the political, cultural and commercial center of the nation, while Omdurman remains the largest city. Among Sudan’s population of 42 million people, Sunni islam is the official and largest religion, while Arabic and English are the official languages.


Sudan Tourism

In the beautiful country of Sudan, you will find a number of Tourist Destinations in Sudan. Sudan is the largest country in Africa and is counted to be the tenth largest in the whole world. Sudan is bounded by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeastern part, Eritrea and Ethiopia in the east, Kenya and Uganda in the southeast, Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic to the southwestern part, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. This beautiful country has a number of Tourist Destinations in Sudan, which are widely visited by the tourists.

Some of the major Sudan Tourist Destinations are the following:

* Khartoum: This city is the capital of the country of Sudan. This exotic city is located at the meeting point of White Nile and Blue Nile. To get to this city, you can avail the Khartoum International Airport. This city is also connected by various bridges as well. Khartoum offers a number of places of interest. Some of the major attractions are National Museum of Sudan, Palace Museum, Botanical Gardens, Ethnographical Museum, St. Matthew’s Catholic Church and Sayeda El Bushara Church, Khartoum Mogran, Mosques in Khartoum, The War Cemetery and others.

* Meroe: This is another important Tourist Destinations of Sudan. This ancient city is located at the eastern bank of the Nile River. You can site this city at 200 kilometer north of Khartoum. Meroe is dotted with about two hundred pyramids. The railways are the most important mode of transportation to reach the city. You can also avail buses and lorries to get to this place. Some of the major attractions of the place are Temple of the God Amun, Great Enclosure and pyramids.

* Port Sudan: It is the capital city of the Red Sea State in Sudan. This port city is also used as an exit point to cross the Red Sea to Jeddah. This city is facilitated by the presence of the Port Sudan New International Airport. The harbor at the mouth of the gulf also helps in the easy transportation. The Red Sea coast in Port Sudan is a major attraction of the place.


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