Gambia

Gambia Africa Travel Tips – Gambia travel guide, Gambia attractions, Gambia destinations, Gambia travel tips, Gambia tourism and more.

The Gambia, also commonly known as Gambia, is a country in West Africa. It is surrounded by Senegal, apart from a short strip of Atlantic coastline at its western end. It is the smallest country on mainland Africa.

The country is situated either side of the Gambia River, the nation’s namesake, which flows through the country’s centre and empties into the Atlantic Ocean. Its area is 11,295 km² with an estimated population of 1.7 million.


Gambia Flag

Gambia Country Information

Capital Banjul
13°28′N 16°36′W
Largest city Serekunda
Official languages English
National languages

Mandinka
Fula
Wolof
Serer
Jola

Ethnic groups (2003)

42% Mandinka
18% Fula
16% Wolof / Serer
10% Jola
9% Serahuli
4% other African
1% non-African

Demonym Gambian
Government Presidential republic
– President Yahya Jammeh
– Vice President Isatou Njie-Saidy
Legislature National Assembly
Independence
– from the United Kingdom 18 February 1965
– Republic declared 24 April 1970
Area
– Total 11,295 km2 (164th)
4,007 sq mi
– Water (%) 11.5
Population
– 2009 estimate 1,782,893 (149th)
– 2003 census 1,360,681
– Density 164.2/km2 (74th)
425.5/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
– Total $3.496 billion
– Per capita $1,943
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
– Total $977 million
– Per capita $543
Gini (1998) 50.2 (medium)
HDI (2007) Decrease 0.456 (low / 168th)
Currency Dalasi (GMD)
Time zone GMT
Drives on the right
Calling code +220
ISO 3166 code GM
Internet TLD .gm