Chad

Chad Africa Travel Tips – Chad travel guide, Chad attractions, Chad destinations, Chad travel tips, Chad tourism and more.

Chad, officially the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west.

Chad is divided into multiple regions: a desert zone in the north, an arid Sahelian belt in the centre and a more fertile Sudanese savanna zone in the south. Lake Chad, after which the country is named, is the largest wetland in Chad and the second largest in Africa. Chad’s highest peak is the Emi Koussi in the Sahara, and N’Djamena, (formerly Fort-Lamy), the capital, is the largest city. Chad is home to over 200 different ethnic and linguistic groups. Arabic and French are the official languages. Islam and Christianity are the most widely practiced religions.


Chad Flag

Chad Country Information

Capital
(and largest city) N’Djamena
12°06′N 16°02′E
Official languages French
Arabic
Ethnic groups (1993) 27.7% Sara
12.3% Arab
11.5% Mayo-Kebbi
9.0% Kanem-Bornou
8.7% Ouaddaï
6.7% Hadjarai
6.5% Tandjilé
6.3% Daza
4.7% Fitri-Batha
6.4% other
0.3% unknown
Demonym Chadian
Government Presidential republic
– President Idriss Déby
– Prime Minister Emmanuel Nadingar
Legislature National Assembly
Independence
– from France August 11, 1960
Area
– Total 1,284,000 km2 (21st)
495,753 sq mi
– Water (%) 1.9
Population
– 2009 estimate 10,329,208 (73rd)
– 1993 census 6,279,921
– Density 8.0/km2 (212th)
20.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
– Total $19.543 billion (123rd)
– Per capita $1,865 (150th)
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
– Total $9.344 billion (130th)
– Per capita $891 (151st)
HDI (2011) Increase 0.328 (low) (183rd)
Currency Central African CFA franc (XAF)
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)
– Summer (DST) Not observed (UTC+1)
Calling code 235
ISO 3166 code TD
Internet TLD .td